That is, the selection of a new paradigm is based on observations, despite the fact that those observations are made in opposition to the background of the old paradigm. For Kuhn, acceptance or rejection of a paradigm is a social process as much as a logical process. Physicist Richard Feynman coined the time period “cargo cult science” for instances by which researchers imagine and on the look seems like they are doing science, however lack the honesty that enables their results to be rigorously evaluated. Various types of business advertising, ranging from hype to fraud, could fall into these classes. Science has been described as “the most important tool” for separating legitimate claims from invalid ones. The electromagnetic theory was established within the nineteenth century by the works of Hans Christian Ørsted, André-Marie Ampère, Michael Faraday, James Clerk Maxwell, Oliver Heaviside, and Heinrich Hertz.
- With collective views of